Category Archives: Banking

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Netting

By | June 29, 2021

Netting Definition: An agreed offsetting of obligations between two or more parties or participants in which a great number of obligations is reduced to a smaller number of obligations. Details: Basically this is the equivalent of two or more friends that sit on a table and net between themselves to sort the money transfer. The… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Gross Settlement

By | June 28, 2021

Gross Settlement Definition: The settlement of funds and securities transfer, which is affected individually on an order-by-order basis, i.e. without netting debit against credit payment transfers. Details: In laymen terms this is basically the simplest possible payment operation. One actor gives money to another actor in a form that is recognized by both parties as… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Payment Message

By | June 28, 2021

Payment Message Definition: A set of data transferred via an electronic mechanism representing the sender and receiver of the transaction and the amount to transfer, which enables the settlement of transactions between participants in a payment system. Details: In layman terms (not using the banking jargon) a payment message is an electronic representation of a… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Payment

By | June 25, 2021

Payment Definition: The payer’s transfer to the payee against a payee’s monetary claim in a manner acceptable for the payee. Details: It is funny that this definition looks like a self defining definition. Basically in layman terms (not using the banking jargon) a payment is a transfer of value from one party to another party,… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Real Time Gross Settlement

By | June 25, 2021

Real Time Gross Settlement Definition: Gross settlement of payment instructions one by one in which processing and settlement take place in real time (continuously). Details: The most well known examples for infrastructure payment systems that implement this type of settlement are the so called: Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) systems: the top level payment systems… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Settlement Finality Principle

By | June 25, 2021

Settlement Finality Principle Definition: The governing principle within a Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) System that once a payment has been submitted to and processed by the RTGS the payment/settlement is final and irrevocable. Details: The finality principle comes from the juridical domain where has the meaning that certain disputes must achieve a resolution from… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Settlement Account

By | June 25, 2021

Settlement Account Definition: An account with the Central Bank, which is maintained in the RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system by a Participant institution subject to the rules and procedures of the RTGS system. An account with a Central Bank, a settlement agent, or a counter-party, used to hold funds and securities and to settle… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Central Bank Settlement

By | June 24, 2021

Settlement Definition: Settlement at the Central Bank is a process (operation) through which actual funds transfer is executed between the settlement accounts of the sending and receiving institution held with the Central Bank in the RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system. Settlement is the mechanism by which obligations in respect of funds transfer or in respect of… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Liquidity

By | June 23, 2021

Liquidity Definition: The ability of a settlement system participant to meet its current obligations in respect of funds and/or securities transfer. The liquidity of a Participant in the settlement system is measured by four components: Available balance (funds) on the current account Queued payment transfers from other participants in the settlement system to its account… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Clearing House

By | June 22, 2021

Clearing House Definition: A multilateral system or arrangement that provides its Participants with clearing services for payment instructions, securities transactions, derivatives transactions, and in some cases, settlement services. Details: The most famous example of a clearing house is “The Automated Clearing House (ACH) Network” the electronic funds-transfer system run by NACHA, since 1974. ACH provides… Read More »