Category Archives: Fintech

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Correspondent banking network

By | July 21, 2021

Correspondent banking network Definition: Correspondent banking is an arrangement whereby one bank (correspondent) holds deposits owned by other banks (respondents) and provides those banks with payment and other services (CPMI (2016)). Correspondent banking networks are critical for firms and households that conduct business or send payments internationally. Correspondent banking – final report https://www.bis.org/cpmi/publ/d147.htm Details: Correspondent… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Cross-border payments

By | July 21, 2021

Cross-border payments Definition: Cross-border payments are those type of payment where the payer and payee reside in different jurisdictions. Many of these are also cross-currency payments – that is, payments where the payer and payee are respectively debited and credited in different currencies. Payments within monetary unions or payments in a common invoice currency may… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Repurchase Agreement (Repo)

By | July 21, 2021

Repurchase Agreement (Repo) Definition: An agreement in which money is lent against securities with a change in beneficial ownership, on the basis that they will be bought back at the end of the day or on a later date. This process may be automated. Details: Repos are typically used to raise short-term capital to meet… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Deferred Net Settlement System (DNS)

By | July 20, 2021

Deferred Net Settlement System (DNS) Definition: A bilateral or multilateral net settlement system where settlement takes place on a net basis after many transactions have been processed, in which there is a time lag between acceptance of payment and its actual settlement. Details: This type of payment system is also called batch settlement system. Payments… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: #CBDC or Central Bank Digital Currency

By | July 22, 2021

CBDC Definition: The CPMI (BIS – Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures) defines a CBDC as “a digital form of central bank money that is different from balances in traditional reserve or settlement accounts.” A CBDC can leverage cryptotechnologies such as DLT/blockchain or be based on a centralised database. A CBDC can also be general… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Fiat Currency

By | July 8, 2021

Fiat Currency Definition: A government-issued currency that is considered legal tender in a specific jurisdiction. Fiat currency can include both physical banknotes/coins as well as electronic reserves made available to financial institutions with a reserve account at the central bank. Fiat currency is fully backed by the government that issues it and is not backed… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Gridlock and Gridlock Resolution

By | June 30, 2021

Gridlock Definition: A situation that can arise in a funds or securities transfer system in which the failure of some transfer instructions to be executed (due to insufficient funds or securities balances) prevents fulfillment of a substantial number of instructions given by other participants Gridlock resolution Definition: Resolution of the gridlock condition without overdrawing the… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Delivery versus Payment (DvP)

By | June 29, 2021

Delivery versus Payment (DvP) Definition: Mechanism used in securities transfers transactions, which ensures that the final transfer of the securities (the delivery) can be considered completed only if the actual payment for the transaction has been made. Details: This is used when a financial institution is selling securities to another financial institution and the actual… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Netting

By | June 29, 2021

Netting Definition: An agreed offsetting of obligations between two or more parties or participants in which a great number of obligations is reduced to a smaller number of obligations. Details: Basically this is the equivalent of two or more friends that sit on a table and net between themselves to sort the money transfer. The… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Gross Settlement

By | June 28, 2021

Gross Settlement Definition: The settlement of funds and securities transfer, which is affected individually on an order-by-order basis, i.e. without netting debit against credit payment transfers. Details: In laymen terms this is basically the simplest possible payment operation. One actor gives money to another actor in a form that is recognized by both parties as… Read More »