Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Settlement Account

By | June 25, 2021

Settlement Account Definition: An account with the Central Bank, which is maintained in the RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system by a Participant institution subject to the rules and procedures of the RTGS system. An account with a Central Bank, a settlement agent, or a counter-party, used to hold funds and securities and to settle… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Central Bank Settlement

By | June 24, 2021

Settlement Definition: Settlement at the Central Bank is a process (operation) through which actual funds transfer is executed between the settlement accounts of the sending and receiving institution held with the Central Bank in the RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system. Settlement is the mechanism by which obligations in respect of funds transfer or in respect of… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Liquidity

By | June 23, 2021

Liquidity Definition: The ability of a settlement system participant to meet its current obligations in respect of funds and/or securities transfer. The liquidity of a Participant in the settlement system is measured by four components: Available balance (funds) on the current account Queued payment transfers from other participants in the settlement system to its account… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Clearing House

By | June 22, 2021

Clearing House Definition: A multilateral system or arrangement that provides its Participants with clearing services for payment instructions, securities transactions, derivatives transactions, and in some cases, settlement services. Details: The most famous example of a clearing house is “The Automated Clearing House (ACH) Network” the electronic funds-transfer system run by NACHA, since 1974. ACH provides… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Collateral

By | June 22, 2021

Collateral Definition: An asset that is delivered by the collateral provider to secure an obligation to the collateral taker. Collateral arrangements may take different legal forms. Collateral may be obtained using the method of title transfer or pledge of assets. An asset or third-party commitment that is used by a collateral provider to secure an… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Clearing

By | June 21, 2021

Clearing Definition: The process of transmitting, reconciling and, in some cases, confirming transactions prior to settlement, potentially including the netting of transactions and the establishment of final positions for settlement. Sometimes this term is also used (imprecisely) to cover settlement. For the clearing of futures and options, this term also refers to the daily balancing… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Available Balance

By | June 17, 2021

Available Balance Definition: The total funds a participant in a payment system has available for settlement of transactions at any moment. Calculated as a total of some pre-defined components: opening balance net value of credits and debits processed but not applied yes usable minimum reserve requirement account limits collaterals (loans, pledged securities, pledged stock options… Read More »

Learn #banking, #fintech and #payments jargon: Acceptance for Settlement

By | June 17, 2021

Acceptance for Settlement Definition: The moment at which a payment transaction becomes irrevocable as far as the sender is concerned. This is the point at which a transaction passes the tests to determine whether there is sufficient collateral for the transaction to proceed. Details: You have to see this as the last stage of a… Read More »